Vèneto is one of the twenty regions of Italy. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, bordering on the Italian regions of Emilia-Romagna and Lombardy, the autonomic regions of Trentino-South Tyrol and Friuli Venezia Giulia and the republic of Austria. It lies between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea and is traversed by the rivers of Po, Adige, Brenta and Piave.
The capital is Venice. Other important towns include Verona, Padua, Treviso, Belluno, Rovigo and Vicenza. This region is very rich in cultural and historic treasures. Its architectural heritage includes the unique buildings and bridges of Venice, and many of Palladio's villas. Verona's arena is an ancient Roman amphitheatre, traditionally reserved for opera. The University of Padua is one of the oldest (1222) in Europe and has counted among its many famous professors Galileo Galilei. To this day it is world renowned for being at the forefront of medicine.